Advanced Prostate Cancer
Advanced prostate Cancer
Advanced prostate cancer, also known as metastatic prostate cancer, is a stage of prostate cancer where the cancer has spread beyond the prostate gland to other parts of the body. In its early stages, prostate cancer is often confined to the prostate gland and is considered localized. However, when cancer cells break away from the prostate and travel to other areas of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system, it is referred to as advanced or metastatic prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer treatment is a very complex and involved process. The expert team at Urology Clinics of North Texas is dedicated to staying up-to-date with the latest emerging treatments and recommendations to ensure patients receive the greatest care available. In addition to treating prostate cancer itself, the Urology Clinics of North Texas team treats each patient on a global level by addressing the physical, nutritional, and emotional side effects that often coincide with strenuous cancer treatment.
Stages of Advanced Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is often grouped into four stages, with stages III and IV being more advanced prostate cancer.
Early Stage | Stages I & II:
The tumor has not spread beyond the prostate.
Locally Advanced | Stage III:
Cancer has spread outside the prostate but only to nearby tissues.
Advanced | Stage IV:
Cancer has spread outside the prostate to other parts such as the lymph nodes, bones, liver, or lungs.
Once diagnosed, the stage and extent of the cancer are determined to guide treatment decisions, which may include:
- radiation therapy
- hormone therapy
Treatment is tailored to the specific needs of the patient. Regular monitoring and follow-up tests are crucial to track the progression of advanced prostate cancer and adjust treatment strategies as necessary.