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Prostate Cancer - Overview

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Prostate Cancer

In 2016 it is estimated that 164,690 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer and another 29,430 men will die of prostate cancer. (American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2018. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; 2018). Prostate cancer remains the most common non cutaneous form of cancer in men representing nearly 20% of all cancers in men and is the second leading cause of cancer related death in men. Risk factors for prostate cancer include increasing age, African ancestry, family history of prostate cancer, and certain genetic conditions. The symptoms of prostate cancer may be similar to those of prostate infection or enlargement but often times there are no symptoms, even when prostate cancer is advanced. These symptoms include the inability to urinate, a weak or halting urinary flow, difficulty starting or stopping urination, frequency of urination (especially at night), blood in the urine, pain or burning during urination, and/or chronic pain in the lower back, pelvis or upper thighs. It is important to see your physician if you have these symptoms, but it is equally important to undergo prostate cancer screening annually, even if you don't have symptoms.