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Male Infertility - Overview

Overview | Causes | Diagnosis | Treatment | FAQ

Infertility is often defined as not being able to get pregnant in spite of having frequent, unprotected sex for at least a year. If you and your partner are experiencing difficulty becoming pregnant, you are not alone. As many as 10-15% of couples in the United States struggle with infertility.

If you've been trying to conceive for more than a year, there's a chance that something may be interfering with your efforts to have a child. Infertility may be attributed to an issue in the male or the female partner, or both. Often a variety of factors may prevent a pregnancy from occurring or continuing.

A number of factors can lower sperm count or motility, or impair the sperm’s ability to fertilize the egg. There are many causes of male infertility but the most common include decreased sperm production (Oligospermia) or function. This can be from anatomic conditions such as a varicocele (dilated veins that drain the testicle) or medications such as testosterone. Other common possibilities include blockages of the genital tract, impaired delivery of sperm, complete lack of sperm in the semen (Azoospermia), general health and lifestyle issues, and excessive exposure to certain environmental elements. For more information or to request an appointment, please click here.